Exposure to violent experiences violates the person’s boundaries of psychological and physical integrity and almost always causes strong psychological symptoms as well as feelings of anxiety and fear.
Individual factors related to the situations and the person in question affect the scope and duration of these symptoms. Usually, however, these symptoms last several months and sometimes for years. For example, six months after a rape has occurred, about three out of four rape victims report experiencing symptoms of hypervigilance and re-experiencing and about half report avoidance symptoms. These symptoms often include avoiding the occurrence and any places, people and matters related to it, which is bound to cause limitations and difficulties of managing one’s day-to-day life..